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How does the 25th Amendment work?

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COLUMBIA, Mo. (KMIZ)

Political leaders in Washington D.C. have asked Vice President Mike Pence to remove President Donald Trump through the 25th Amendment.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, both Democrats, have called on members of the executive branch to strip President Trump of power through a never-used mechanism in the U.S. Constitution. The two said President Trump helped incite a mob to overtake the U.S. Capitol during a joint session of Congress to count the electoral votes for president and vice president.

The 25th Amendment dictates what happens if the president is unable to perform their duties, whether due to physical or mental incapacity. A section of that amendment allows for the vice president and a majority of the president's cabinet to tell Congress that they believe the president "is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office." If that happens, power is taken from the president and the vice president becomes "Acting President," according to the Constitution.

The president, however, can object to that. If they do, it's up to Congress to figure out what to do. Two-thirds of each of chamber vote on whether or not the president should be removed from office.

Frank Bowman, a University of Missouri law professor who studies impeachment and presidential removal, said it could be unlikely the current administration decides to remove President Trump.

"Basically you have to say, 'Look this guy's nuts, and he's so mentally disturbed that he's incapable of performing the office," Bowman said. "Are you going to be able to get a majority of Donald Trump's cabinet to conclude that publicly and put their name on it? Boy, even after yesterday, I think that's a heavy lift."

Pelosi said Thursday that the House would be ready to move forward on impeachment proceedings if Pence does not invoke the 25th Amendment. Bowman said a House vote, needing only a simple majority to pass, can happen quickly. A Senate trial could also happen quickly, but it would take a supermajority of senators and the will of Majority Leader Mitch McConnell to move forward.

National Politics / News / Politics

Lucas Geisler

Lucas Geisler anchors the 5 p.m. show for ABC 17 News and reports on the latest news around mid-Missouri at 9 and 10 p.m.

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1 Comment

  1. If the 25th amendment is used, that would indeed be a coup. Per rapidly expanding credible evidence, the violence was most likely produced by an Antifa false flag. Desirous of this exact effect.

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